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Nom de l'affaire

Decision 5A_827/2016 of 30 November 2016

Référence INCADAT

HC/E/CH 1535





Swiss Federal Supreme Court


Instance Suprême

États concernés

État requérant


État requis




30 November 2016




Déplacement et non-retour - art. 3 et 12 | Questions procédurales |


Recours rejeté, retour ordonné

Article(s) de la Convention visé(s)

13(1)(a) 13(1)(b)

Article(s) de la Convention visé(s) par le dispositif


Autres dispositions


Jurisprudence | Affaires invoquées


Publiée dans



Synopsis disponible en EN

1 child wrongfully removed at age 3 – National of Poland - Married parents (ongoing divorce proceedings) – Mother national of Poland – Father national of Poland - Parents had joint custody. Divorce court gave mother the right to have the child during the abduction until the end of the divorce proceedings. Decision that was annulled after return was ordered. – Child lived in Poland (until 4 December 2015)  – Application for return filed with the Central Authority of Switzerland on 6 June 2016 – Return ordered – Main issue: Grave Risk – The fact that the mother considers her own return to Poland to be intolerable, both financially and professionally, is not relevant to the examination of the exception to return.


Résumé disponible en EN


The application related to a girl, who was 4 years old at the time of the wrongful removal.

The family lived in Poland and the parents had initiated divorce proceedings. In August 2015 the mother went to Switzerland for a couple of months while the child stayed in Poland with her father. In December 2015 the mother took the girl to Switzerland without the father’s consent.

On 27 September 2016, the father filed an application for return at the High Court of the Canton of Vaud (first instance in child abduction cases). On 19 October 2016, the High Court of the Canton of Vaud ordered the return of the child. The mother appealed this decision before the Swiss Federal Supreme Court.


The Federal Supreme Court dismissed the mother’s appeal and confirmed the decision of the High Court of the Canton of Vaud through ordering the return of the child.


Removal and Retention - Arts 3 and 12


Procedural Matters

The court stated that since the mother’s appeal was from the outset without any chance of success, her application for free legal aid could not be granted.

Author :
Audrey Canova